It seems easy to determine what kind of materials to use when changing or installing for the first time that network of pipes that will bring water to your house, but for people inexperienced in these topics many are the doubts that arise about plumbing. That’s why we prepared this little guide that will help you.
Placing or replacing the pipes in your house is not as simple as it seems at first sight. Before undertaking this task, it is advisable to find out about the options on the market and to answer certain questions.
Do I want the new pipes to last longer? How strong do they need to be? Are there other lines than the existing ones? Will I also need to buy elbows, connections and other materials? These are questions that will arise and complicate the plan if things are not clear.
Standing in front of the pipe rack can be confusing for those who don’t know the codes that engineers, architects, plumbers and builders handle very well. Although you may not believe it, there are insurmountable differences between sewage and clean water pipes, even between them.
Those made of PVC material come in various colors that determine their use and resistance. For example, white ones are the weakest, with a thickness -but not diameter, which can be as much as three or six inches- of very few millimeters. Then there are the yellows, a little stronger, and the oranges, with a higher quality than the previous ones.
To select the ideal one, you have to calculate, approximately, how much human traffic and weight there will be in the area where the pipe will be buried. If it is a busy passage for vehicles and people, do not hesitate to place the most resistant one.
In the case of white water, the pipes – capable of withstanding the high pressure of the liquid – are thinner in diameter (most do not exceed one inch) and in two colors. The light gray ones, for cold water, and others of beige or dark gray tone, for hot water.
Although the use of PVC is widespread, displacing a little the use of pipes made of metal, these are still used to transport other materials, such as domestic gas, which goes through copper and steel pipes.
Expert advice is vital to avoid getting tangled up when buying not only the pipe required for the characteristics of the job to be performed, but also the additional elements, specifically the connections.
These are the elements that allow you to make a curve in the line that is drawing the pipe. They are small and come in different diameters so that they can be coupled to any size. There are different types, based especially on the angle of the curve that is required to be applied: they can be 45°, 90° and 180°.
They prevent the passage of the liquid. It is like ending the pipe network without connecting the end to any other or any equipment. It is also available in various diameters and characteristics, according to those existing in the pipes, for perfect coupling. They can be male or female.
It is a piece in the shape of the letter «T», used in case it is necessary to maintain the line of the pipe, but taking out a new line perpendicular to the first one. Something like a nipple with another exit in the middle of the pipe. They can be reducing, being the third hole of smaller diameter with respect to the rest of the object.
Its function is to make a fork in the pipe lines, as if it were a «Y» on a road. It can also make a much steeper curve than the «T» piece if a plug is placed at the end where there is only one exit.
The reducer is used to shorten the diameter in a first pipe. On one side it is of a certain size and on the other it is smaller. The function is to lower the level of fluids passing through the pipe network. The different combinations of diameters allow the ideal one to be achieved.
They can be used for joint fastening or for identifying the fluid passing through the pipe. In any case, their diameter and structure are adapted to the different characteristics of the pipes.
If you are thinking of installing new pipes in your home or business, do not hesitate to contact us. Mr. Poronga has the experience and the endorsement enough to help you to place the water network of your house.